What Can You Expect From a Gluten-Free Diet?

Now that you’re ready to go gluten-free, what can you expect?

Physical Effects

Some people feel a remarkable difference in a few weeks, but it takes a year to a year-and-a-half to heal much of the damage gluten has caused, so don’t expect a miracle cure.

If you suffer from dermatitis herpetiformis, you may continue to have outbreaks for years after eliminating gluten. As time wears on, the outbreaks will itch less and will not last as long. Iodine can trigger these outbreaks so be aware of your iodine intake from food or supplements.

As your body heals, you may feel better for a few weeks and then feel worse again. This can be because you have not eliminated all sources of gluten and need to review lists of foods to avoid. If you have reviewed and don’t think gluten is the culprit, take note of what you’ve eaten. You may discover that there are other foods you cannot tolerate well. Once you’ve identified those, you will feel better if you eliminate them too. A pattern of feeling better then worse can also be a normal part of the healing process. Have patience and stick to the plan. Keep a journal so you can review your improvement over a year’s time. If you are gradually feeling better and better, then don’t worry about momentary setbacks.

By the time you begin a gluten-free diet, your intestinal tract may have suffered so much damage that it needs to digest only monosaccharide carbohydrates in order to heal. If you continue to suffer from diarrhea and/or constipation after several months on a gluten-free diet, a change to the Paleo or Specific Carbohydrate diet will give your body a break and facilitate quicker improvement. You can follow one of these more restrictive plans for a few months, a year, or more. These diets eliminate all starchy foods that are difficult to digest and give your body the best chance of killing off any possible overgrowth of bacteria or yeast that may be complicating the healing of your gut.

When you begin the Paleo or Specific Carbohydrate diet, you may run a fever, have a headache, and feel bad for a week or so. This is normal for those who have excess yeast or bacteria. These organisms want to stay alive and you are starving them out. Essentially there’s a war going on in your gut. Fever tells you that your body is fighting to kill off the invaders. This is good. If the fever persists more than two weeks, visit your physician to make sure there’s nothing else going on.

You may notice that you no longer feel “tight” in your own skin as inflammation begins to disappear. Your achy muscles may stop aching. Your sleep pattern may improve. Your food cravings may lessen. Your stomach pain may lessen. Your bowel function may return to a normal pattern. Your strength may return. Your emotional state may improve. Your hair may stop falling out. It may become easier to gain or lose weight. You may have more energy.

Food Choices

You will still be able to eat delicious, healthy and traditional foods. Sometimes a substitution or two in a recipe is required, but that does not mean you should settle for substandard, tasteless, or unpleasing food. This is true even if you consider yourself a foodie!

Mac & Cheese
Mac & Cheese
Cheesecake
Cheesecake

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In the beginning, old habits may cause you to feel a need for “replacements” for foods such as cereal, bread, crackers, cookies, and pasta. In order to keep things simple, you may choose to buy prepackaged convenience foods. These are readily available in the supermarket or online. It is good to be aware that gluten-free prepackaged convenience foods are still processed foods and may not be optimum for achieving your best health. As you get more comfortable with the gluten-free lifestyle, you can gradually phase prepackaged foods to a minimum. Your body will adjust and the desire for these items will diminish accordingly.

Prepackaged gluten-free foods are more costly than their gluten-containing counterparts. As you begin to feel better and have more energy, you may feel like baking more for yourself. This will allow you to have more control over both the ingredients and the costs.

Some gluten-free flours are more costly than wheat based flours. Shopping in ethnic grocery stores or online can help minimize these costs.

Gluten-free foods tend to be more dense and often contain more carbohydrates in one serving than wheat based products. If you need to minimize your carbohydrate intake, it is important to be aware of this difference.

Remember that meat, poultry, fish, seafood, fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, legumes, herbs, spices, and milk are gluten-free as are most yogurts and cheeses unless gluten has been added in processing. There are infinite numbers of delicious, satisfying combinations that can be made using these items. In addition, many of you will be able to tolerate other foods made from corn, rice, tapioca, arrowroot, or mesquite.

Social Adjustments

Some changes in routine may be required in order to maintain a diet that is free of gluten. Reading labels on packaged foods is a necessity. In the US, there is no standard for the amount of gluten allowed in a product that is labeled gluten-free. Rather than rely on that designation, it is imperative to read the ingredient list on any packaged items you purchase. You will find that this allows you to consume many products that are not specifically labeled gluten-free. Because formulations change, it is important to read the label each time you purchase a product. Once this becomes a habit, you won’t even notice that you’re doing it routinely.

Eating at fast food restaurants will be more difficult, but there are gluten-free options. Nutrition information can usually be found on the restaurants’ websites and some franchises will have the information available in the store. A shift to small locally owned restaurants can often fill this gap. Local proprietors often allow you to read the ingredients on the packaged food they use, and local chefs are able to adjust recipes to accommodate your order. While it is true that there is always an inherent risk of accidentally ingesting gluten when someone else prepares your food, there is no need to imprison yourself in your home in order to be healthy. Communicate well; use tools like our Server Card to assist you; frequent establishments where you feel comfortable, and when in doubt – leave the food on the plate.

Happy hour out may require an adjustment. If you’re a beer drinker, you may have to switch to wine or hard liquor. Few bars or restaurants stock gluten-free beer. Playing a tasting game until you settle on your new drink of choice can be a fun adventure.

To make things easier, you may want to carry your lunch to school or eat a snack before an office party. This will help keep you from being tempted to grab a piece of cake or a quick finger sandwich when those are the only things offered. Carrying fruit, nuts, vegetables, cheese, boiled eggs, or gluten-free protein bars with you will mean you’re prepared when plans unexpectedly change. Knowing you’re prepared can ease your anxiety and let you focus on making gluten-free choices while enjoying all your regular social activities.

You will learn to strike a balance that allows you to be respectful of well-meaning friends or relatives who try to get you to consume “just one bite” while refusing to harm your body. You will find ways to gracefully negotiate holidays and celebrations in a manner that leaves important traditions intact. Because traversing these negotiations can feel like navigating through a minefield, we offer numerous tips to help you here at Cooking2Thrive.

You may be concerned that maintaining a gluten-free lifestyle will take too much time. It is realistic to expect to spend more time planning meals, reading labels, and shopping for specialized products. This is usually balanced by additional energy and less time spent in the doctor’s office. When you no longer suffer daily physical pain, exhaustion, or distraction from the need to remain close to a bathroom, you’ll be amazed how much more you can do in a day. You’ll reap the benefits of feeling better at work, with your family, and in your social circle.

Once you discover that your child needs to be gluten-free, you will need to communicate with grandparents, extended family, teachers, and other moms in order to both educate them and to devise plans that accommodate your child’s needs without making the child feel like an outcast or other moms feel resentful. Compassion for both your child and for those whose assistance you need is a great starting point.

If your family is like mine, there will be some ribbing about your new eating habits and the implication that your disease is all in your head. Just let this annoyance roll off your back. You and I know that there’s a genetic propensity for gluten-intolerance, so rest assured that some of the current taunters will be eating their words instead gluten soon enough – or they’ll be suffering the consequences of their defiance.

Unless you live alone, it will be necessary to determine whether you will all eliminate gluten from your household, or whether you will continue to stock some gluten-containing items in the cupboard or refrigerator. I don’t feel a need to require others to follow my lifestyle, but this means we must be careful about sharing jams and jellies, washing baking pans, and keeping food prep surfaces separate. If you decide to have a mixed kitchen, it is a good idea to establish rules right now that will ensure the gluten-free items do not become contaminated in the future.

Emotional Adjustments

Facing the necessity of going gluten-free is important because a lengthy denial of your condition can lead to dangerous health consequences. A study of 9133 people over a period of 45 years cited in “Gastroenterology” in 2009 concluded:  “During 45 years of follow-up, undiagnosed CD was associated with a nearly 4-fold increased risk of death.” (1) A separate study cited in the “Journal of the American Medical Association” in 2009 found that those with intestinal inflammation, but not Celiac or latent Celiac, had a 72% increased risk of mortality. In the same study, the increased risk for diagnosed Celiacs was 39%.(2) A third mortality study published in “Lancet, Vol. 358, 2001”, observed the following: “We compared the number of deaths up to 1998 with expected deaths and expressed the comparison as standardised mortality ratio (SMR) and relative survival ratio. Findings: 53 coeliac patients died compared with 25·9 expected deaths (SMR 2·0 [95% CI 1·5–2·7]).”(3)

Change is hard for many of us, especially when we feel as though we may be deprived, ridiculed, or labeled as “different”. Change is especially hard when we have suffered long-term pain. The exhaustion that results from pain isn’t just physical; it’s emotional as well. When you’re in a diminished or weakened state, you may feel as though you must hold onto as many traditions as you can to feel safe. These traditions often include family meals, family recipes, and comfort foods. The idea of changing even the most minute detail may feel threatening. If you feel your resolve to walk the gluten-free path begin to wane, keep in mind that with slight shifts, you’ll still be able to participate in family meal traditions, use your family recipes, and eat your favorite comfort foods. And the ingredient shifts don’t have to mean the food tastes inferior.

When you need support and encouragement, you can find help here at Cooking2Thrive.  We offer Essential Utensil Emotional Support Tools, Video Interviews with Experts, and videos on Gluten-Free Dating as well as Feeding Your Kids.  You can also join a local support group for those who are gluten-intolerant.

As you make good eating choices and your pain begins to diminish, you’ll begin to feel more positive about the changes you’re making. Feeling better makes the necessary everyday gluten-free choices easier and easier to make.

It is natural to have a few pouty moments during which you feel deprived. If you find that these are frequent or that you feel deprived in other ways as well, further examination of this trigger may be needed. Otherwise, embrace the feeling and allow it to dissipate on its own, then make your food choice. In the moment, it may help to write down 5 or 6 things for which you’re grateful. If you recognize you’re grateful you have a disease that doesn’t require surgery, then it’s easier to be happy about leaving a brownie on the plate. If you recognize you’re grateful that you don’t have to endure chemotherapy in order to heal, it is easier to be assertive with someone who continues to offer you a doughnut.

If you find you have a circle of friends that is not supportive of your dedication to your health, there is no need to feel guilty about minimizing time with them. You do not have to cut them out of your life unless you determine that’s the best path, but you may need to decrease the time you spend in a non-supportive environment. You will want to cultivate new friends who recognize that to be at your best you must stick with a gluten-free plan.

Sometimes the time we spend with medical professionals feeds our need for attention. If you do not currently have a supportive partner or family that empathizes with your struggles, this can be especially seductive. Somewhere down deep, you may fight eliminating gluten and allowing yourself to heal because you do not want to reduce your number of doctor visits. The best thing you can do in this case is face the truth, feel any fear that may be feeding self-destructive decisions, and give yourself a break.

All of us deserve to be healthy no matter what we learned in our family of origin. All of us matter. Each of us is an inherently important part of humanity. We all need compassion, concern, and empathy. When we begin to give it to ourselves, we put ourselves in a place to flex our receiving muscles. As we practice receiving, we will find support all around us that we never noticed before. This support helps us feel strong enough to make good decisions, and those good decisions allow us to achieve optimum health. Soon enough, our feeling of needing someone else’s attention to solve our problems will resolve itself with the best possible outcome.

Length of the Journey

Gluten-intolerance lasts a lifetime. It can require a full year of healing to repair the damage caused by a single ingestion of gluten. For maximum healing and optimum health, the commitment to a gluten-free way of living must be a lifetime commitment.

 Value of the Journey

Priceless. If you are gluten-sensitive, gluten-intolerant, or have celiac disease, eliminating gluten is critical for remaining or becoming healthy. Who doesn’t want to feel as good as possible, have as many years with our loved ones as possible, be pain free, energetic, and feel good? If these are your desires and you know that all it will cost you is occasional inconvenience, how can you make any other choice?

 

References

1 – RUBIO–TAPIA, ALBERTO, Robert A. Kyle, Edward L. Kaplan, Dwight R. Johnson, and William Page. “Increased Prevalence and in Undiagnosed Celiac Disease.” Gastroenterology 2009: 88-93+. Www.gastrojournal.org. October 4, 2011

2 – Green, Peter H. R. “Mortality in Celiac Disease, Intestinal Inflammation, and Gluten Sensitivity.” JAMA 2009. Http://jama.ama-assn.org/cg/content/full/302/11/1225. Web.

3 – Corrao, G., G. Corazza, V. Bagnardi, G. Brusco, C. Ciacci, M. Cottone, C. Guidetti, P. Usai, P. Cesari, and M. Pelli. “Mortality in Patients with Coeliac Disease and Their Relatives: a Cohort Study.” The Lancet 358.9279 (2001): 356-61. Print.

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No Grain, More Gain

Ever wonder why your digestive system seems to be rebelling even though you’ve been meticulously gluten-free?  Me too.

Being quite the social butterfly, I used to think I must be getting bad information from waiters on a regular basis allowing minute amounts of gluten to infiltrate my diet.  I no longer believe this.

Lacking a definitive scientific study on which to rely, I will simply tell you what I’ve learned through trial and error.  The less gluten-free grain I consume, the better I feel.

Mind you, the effect is not immediate, but it is quick.  It takes about a week of eliminating complex carbs from my diet for me to suddenly feel 10 pounds lighter, have my bowel function to return to normal, have less sudden energy drops from low blood sugar, and to feel totally free of intestinal discomfort.

It is possible that Elaine Gottschall had it right when she wrote “Breaking The Vicious Cycle” outlining the Specific Carbohydrate Diet.  While not widely accepted by the current medical and nutrition community as significant, Elaine’s book was not written by an untrained, uneducated, or uninformed lay person.

Elaine was a biochemist and cell biologist whose daughter was a patient of Dr. Sidney V. Haas. As you may know, Dr. Haas was a pediatrician and researcher who in 1924 published a medical paper detailing his use of the banana diet for treatment of Celiac Disease.  His research led to the development of the Specific Carbohydrate Diet (SCD).  During his career, Dr. Hass treated over 600 cases of Celiac Disease and in 1951, along with his son, published a medical textbook entitled “The Management of Celiac Disease”.

The basic premise of the SCD is that the elimination of all carbohydrates that are polysaccharides (complex carbs) from the diet in favor of monosaccharides (simple carbs) can correct malabsorption and reverse the course of many intestinal disorders by starving out an overgrowth of bacteria or yeast from the system.

The first time I followed, yes that’s right I said the FIRST time, the SCD, I ran a 101º fever for a week.  After that week I began to improve.  After a year on the diet, my belly felt better than it ever had in my adult life, and my skin, which had always been prone to breakouts, was completely clear.  After a year and a half on the diet, I began to add back complex carbs – yummy tortilla chips, gluten-free crackers, arrowroot cookies – oh yeah!  Except that after a while I went from oh yeah to oh OWWW!

No matter what I would like to be true, I feel better without grain.  I feel better without potatoes.  I feel better when I limit the chocolate, sugar, milk, and soybeans in my diet.  When I consume tortilla chips, my belly hurts.  When I bake with potato starch, my belly hurts.  When I eat gluten-free pasta for 3 days in a row (I make a mean mac & cheese and the leftovers are awesome) my diarrhea returns.

I don’t know if all grains act as toxins to my system triggering a brain response or whether my symptoms are attributable to bacterial overgrowth or whether it’s a combination of the two.  I’m not sure I need to know.  I know that my system responds positively on the SCD.  I know it makes logical sense because eliminating foods that are harder for my digestive system to break down takes a load off my body.  My body can then redirect its energy to healing and proper functioning.  What more do I really need to know?

Of course I need to know what I can and cannot eat.  That’s easy.  I can buy “Breaking the Vicious Cycle”, or visit http://www.breakingtheviciouscycle.info/legal/legal_illegal_a-c.htm.

Waiters and chefs in restaurants will need to know what I can eat, so I’ll carry Cooking2Thrive® SCD server cards with me to communicate the information easily.

That covers what I need to know.  You may want to know if there are good SCD recipes available.

That answer is easy as well.  Cooking2Thrive will soon release a series of chef-tested recipes that are SCD compliant and scrumptiously tasty.  These recipes include: Empire Waist Cheese Crackers, Health Nut Applejacks (pancakes), Lemon Kiwi Muffins, Coconut Pound Cake, Cheesecake, Cinnamon Shortbread Cookies, 3 Pepper Fried Chicken Tenders, Meat Loaf, Pistachio Encrusted Chicken, Personal Pizza Margherita, Gorgonzola Tarragon Deviled Eggs, Stuffed Summer Squash, Apple Slaw, and many more.

Hopefully science will eventually support the trends many of us already anecdotally observe.  In the meantime, if you’re gluten-free and experiencing recurring digestive problems, please consider taking the burden off your body.  Follow the SCD for awhile (if it’s SCD compliant, it’s automatically gluten-free).  You too may find that with no grain you see more gain.